Philippine History by Teodoro Agoncillo is a comprehensive overview of the history of the Philippines from pre-Spanish times to the present. It covers various aspects of Philippine life and culture, such as religion, politics, economy, society, arts, and literature. It also discusses the major events and personalities that shaped the nation's history, such as the Spanish colonization, the Filipino-American War, the American occupation, the Japanese invasion, the Philippine Revolution, the Commonwealth era, the Martial Law period, and the People Power movement.
The book is written by Teodoro Agoncillo, one of the most prominent Filipino historians of the 20th century. He was known for his nationalist perspective and his critical analysis of colonial and neocolonial influences on Philippine history. He also wrote several other books on Philippine history, such as The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan, Malolos: The Crisis of the Republic, and A Short History of the Philippines.
Philippine History by Teodoro Agoncillo is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the rich and diverse history of the Philippines. It is written in a clear and engaging style that makes it accessible to both students and general readers. It also provides a balanced and objective view of the historical facts and interpretations. The book is available in PDF format for free download from various online sources[^1^] [^2^].In this article, I will provide a brief summary of each chapter of Philippine History by Teodoro Agoncillo. The book has 23 chapters in total, each covering a specific period or theme in Philippine history.
Chapter 1: The Philippines as a Part of the Malay Archipelago
This chapter introduces the geographical and ethnological features of the Philippines and its neighboring islands. It also traces the origins and migrations of the various ethnic groups that inhabited the archipelago, such as the Negritos, the Indonesians, the Malays, and the Chinese. It also discusses the pre-Spanish social and political organization of the Filipinos, such as the barangay, the datu, and the sultanate.
Chapter 2: The Earliest Filipinos
This chapter describes the archaeological and anthropological evidence of human presence in the Philippines dating back to the Paleolithic era. It also examines the cultural and technological developments of the early Filipinos, such as their use of stone tools, pottery, metalworking, weaving, and agriculture. It also explores the religious beliefs and practices of the early Filipinos, such as their animism, ancestor worship, and shamanism.
Chapter 3: The Cultural Achievements of Pre-Spanish Filipinos
This chapter highlights the artistic and literary achievements of pre-Spanish Filipinos, such as their architecture, sculpture, painting, music, dance, poetry, and epics. It also analyzes the influences of foreign cultures on Philippine art and literature, such as those of India, China, Arabia, and Java. It also discusses the systems of writing and education among pre-Spanish Filipinos, such as the baybayin script and the alibata alphabet.
Chapter 4: The Coming of Islam to the Philippines
This chapter narrates the spread of Islam in Southeast Asia and its arrival in the Philippines in the 14th century. It also explains the impact of Islam on Philippine society and culture, such as its introduction of monotheism, law, trade, and political unity. It also identifies the major Islamic centers and leaders in the Philippines, such as Sulu, Maguindanao, Lanao, and Brunei.
Chapter 5: The Coming of Spain to the Philippines
This chapter recounts the historical background and motives of Spanish exploration and colonization in Asia and America. It also details the voyages and expeditions of Spanish explorers and conquistadors to the Philippines, such as Ferdinand Magellan, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, Martin de Goiti, Juan de Salcedo, and Miguel de Loarca. It also describes the first encounters and conflicts between Spaniards and Filipinos. 29c81ba772